The purpose of the presented study is to explore the human rights situation of the families willfully occupying state-owned buildings, to analyze the state’s policy towards them, and to formulate recommendations to the relevant governmental bodies.
The study describes the human rights situation of the homeless families. Cases of violation of their rights are reviewed in the light of the international human rights standards and are detailed according to different aspects. The study also presents different causes of homelessness. These causes indicate that the problem of homelessness is systematic and is caused by an ineffective social security system and difficult economic conditions.
The study reviews the state’s policy towards the homeless families residing in various state-owned buildings and other relevant regulations. The results demonstrate that the state’s policy on fighting homelessness is both non-systematic and non-effective. This year, the state defined steps to be taken to realize the right to adequate housing in the National Strategy for Human Rights Protection (for the years 2014-2020), but on the other hand, those measures were not included in the State Strategy for Human Rights Protection. The state does not research or assess the scale of the problem of the homeless or the needs of these persons. Neither does it try to establish the forms of and reasons for homelessness. As a result, it is practically impossible to develop a fair and realistic solution.