Significant steps have been taken under the “Third Wave” of the judicial reform in terms of improving system for disciplinary liability of judges.

Despite positive changes implemented in the legislation, observation on the various processes has shown that positive changes in the legislation have not resulted effectively in practice. Significant shortcomings and challenges in the legislation, remain. Including:

  • Types of disciplinary misconduct are still general and not foreseeable;
  • Independent Inspector’s institutional independence guarantees need to be enhanced;
  • There is a sharp contrast between the number of disciplinary complaints and the number of judges who have been imposed disciplinary charges. In addition, the number of terminated disciplinary proceedings is increasing.